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About Los Angeles Criminal Law Center

Los Angeles Criminal Law Center is sponsored by The Rodriguez Law Group, a criminal defense firm serving Los Angeles, CA and the surrounding areas. The Rodriguez Law Group was founded by Ambrosio E. Rodriguez, a former prosecutor with over 18 years experience. During his time as a prosecutor, Mr. Rodriguez handled serious criminal matters including sex crimes and death penalty cases. The information on this site is intended to assist anyone going through the criminal justice process.


Last month, several men suspected of armed robbery led police on a high-speed chase through the city of Los Angeles. According to reports, the getaway car exceeded 100 MPH as it raced down several Los Angeles Highways and surface streets in North Hollywood and Universal City. The high-speed chase eventually came to an end when the men ditched the car and attempted to escape officers on foot.

K9 officers were called to the scene and able to track down the suspects. Five men were arrested on suspicion of armed robbery and for their roles in leading a police chase. Since the men tried to escape with a vehicle and on foot, it’s possible that they could face charges for both resisting arrest and evading a police officer.

Pursuits: Running vs. Driving From Police

In California, you have an obligation to follow a police officer’s lawful order. This includes times when an officer tells you to stop, pull over, or remain where you are. It’s a crime to ignore the order or try to evade arrest. However, how you try to evade arrest will ultimately determine which criminal charges you’ll face. If you try to run from police you can be charged with resisting arrest. If you try to drive away from police you can be charged with evading a police officer.

Resisting Arrest

California Penal Code 148 PC explains that it is a crime to “willfully resist, delay, or obstruct” a peace officer or EMT “in the discharge or attempt to discharge any duty of his or her office.” In other words, it’s illegal to intentionally try to prevent a police officer from doing his or her job.

Example: Let’s say that a police officer has reasonable suspicion to believe that you’ve just participated in an armed robbery. They approach you and order you to remain where you are. You’re afraid that you’ll be arrested and begin to run away. Running away has obstructed the officer from performing his or her job duties. As a result, you could be charged with resisting arrest under 148 PC.

Penalties for Resisting Arrest

Resisting arrest is a misdemeanor in the state of California. The maximum penalty is 12 months in a Los Angeles County Jail and a fine of $1,000.

Evading a Police Officer

The consequences of running from police can be much more severe if you’re in a vehicle. Evading a police officer, as defined in California Vehicle Code 2800.1 CVC, occurs when you “operate a motor vehicle and with the intent to evade, willfully flee or otherwise attempt to elude a pursuing peace officer’s motor vehicle.”

In other words, it’s a crime to use a car to escape arrest or prevent a police officer from doing his or her job.

When is a police officer in “pursuit” for the purposes of 2800.1 CVC? The officer’s vehicle must:

  • Be distinctively marked
  • Be operated by a peace officer
  • Have at least one red light “on” and visible from the front of the vehicle, and
  • Sound a siren, if reasonably necessary.

Other signs of a police suit include issuing a verbal command, using hand signals, or sounding a horn with a sound of at least 115 decibels.

However, you can only be guilty of evading a police officer if you knew, or should have known, that you were fleeing or eluding the officer.

Example: Let’s say you are driving and a marked police car pulls up behind you. An officer issues a verbal command to pull over and turns on the vehicle’s sirens. You begin to speed up and attempt to make it through an intersection before the light changes, hoping that the officer gets caught behind. You have willfully attempted to elude a police officer. Since you were driving a vehicle, you can be charged with evading a police officer under 2800.1 CVC.

Penalties for Evading a Police Officer

Evading a police officer is a misdemeanor in the state of California. The maximum penalty is 12 months in a Los Angeles County jail and $1,000 in fines.

Evading an officer can be charged as a felony if you:

  • Drive recklessly with a wanton disregard for the safety of others, or
  • Cause injury or death.

Felony evading arrest is punishable by up to seven years in a California state prison and $10,000 in fines.

 

Have you been arrested for trying to escape or elude police? You need the help of an experienced criminal defense attorney. Contact the Los Angeles Criminal Law Center for immediate assistance. We’ll help you fight any criminal charges you face.

You don’t normally equate shoving with attempted murder. However, that’s precisely why one Los Angeles man may face serious criminal charges. According to reports, the man was sitting on a bench when he stood up and randomly pushed another man into the street in front of oncoming traffic. The victim fell under the wheels of a large truck and sustained critical injuries, including a collapsed lung and broken bones.

The suspect picked up what appeared to be the victim’s watch and fled the scene. Police officers were able to locate the man approximately one hour after the shoving incident. He was arrested and may be charged with attempted murder.

What is Attempted Murder?

In California, it’s not just a crime to commit a crime successfully. It can also be a crime to attempt to do something that’s against the law. For most crimes, the state simply has to prove that you intentionally took a “direct but ineffective” step toward committing a particular offense. Things get a bit more complicated when the attempted crime is murder.

Penal Code 664/167 PC

Attempted murder is governed by two sections of the California Penal Code: 664 PC (attempt) and 187 PC (murder). When you’re accused of attempted murder, the state must prove:

  • You took a direct but ineffective step toward killing another person, and
  • You had the specific intent to kill that person.

Direct Step: A direct step involves more than a plan to commit a murder. You can’t be charged with attempt if all you’ve done is prepare, obtain materials, or make arrangements to carry out your plan. Instead, a direct step is an immediate step that puts your plan into action. A direct step will “indicate a direct and unambiguous intent to kill.”

Specific Intent to Kill: It’s not enough to take a direct step to put your plan in motion. You must also have the specific intent to end another person’s life. You cannot be guilty of attempted murder if you only intended to cause serious bodily injury or disfigurement.

Can You Be Guilty of Attempted Murder if You Abandon Your Plan?

It depends. If you haven’t taken a direct step in carrying out your plan, the answer is no. However, you can be convicted for attempted murder if, after taking a direct step, you changed your mind and abandoned the plan. The direct step, when paired with specific intent to kill, is enough to satisfy the elements of the crime.

Penalties for Attempted Murder

Attempted murder is a felony in California. The penalties will ultimately depend on whether you’re charged with attempted first-degree murder or attempted second-degree murder.

Attempted First-Degree Murder: First-degree murder requires a willful, deliberate, or premeditated attempt to kill someone. The maximum penalty for attempted first-degree murder is life in prison without parole.

Attempted Second-Degree Murder: Second-degree murder does not involve actions that are deliberate or premeditated. The maximum penalty for attempted second-degree murder is 9 years in a California state prison.

How Can I Defend Myself If I’ve Been Accused of Attempted Murder?

Attempted murder is a complicated crime. It can be tough for the state to prove everything it needs to get a conviction. Remember, the state has to prove that you (a) took a direct step toward committing the crime and (b) you had the specific intent to end another person’s life.

You can make the state’s job even more difficult by asserting a strong defense. The arguments you use in your defense should explain, excuse, or justify your alleged behavior.

Defenses to attempted murder include:

  • You didn’t take a direct step to put your plan in motion
  • You intended to injure, but not kill, another person
  • Your actions were not deliberate or intentional, and
  • You have been falsely accused or mistakenly identified.

It’s also possible to raise any issues that may affect the legality of the evidence in your case. If your rights have been violated, the state cannot be allowed to benefit from its unlawful actions. Your attorney can file a motion to suppress any evidence that’s been gathered in violation of your Constitutional rights. Without evidence, the state may not be able to satisfy its burden of proof.

 

Have you been accused of attempted murder? Contact our experienced Los Angeles criminal defense attorneys for immediate assistance. We’ll review your case and help you understand your legal rights. A strong defense can make a huge difference. Our attorneys are prepared to help you fight for your future. Call today to learn more.

LA Special Victims Detective Suspected of Raping Young Victim

A Sheriff’s detective with the Las Angeles Special Victims Bureau was recently arrested on suspicion of rape. According to reports, the detective was assigned to investigate a 2014 sexual assault involving a 14-year-old girl in Ventura County. However, rather than investigating the case, the detective allegedly forced the young girl to have sex with him. After the sexual assault, he reportedly took steps to suppress testimony that may have been offered by the victim or witnesses. The detective has been suspended from his job with pay and is currently being held in a Los Angeles County jail on bail of $2 million.

What are the Penalties For Forcible Rape of a Minor?

The Los Angeles Sheriff’s detective has been arrested for the forcible rape of a 14-year-old girl. Rape, as defined in Penal Code 261 PC, is the crime of forcing another person to have sex without his or her consent or knowledge. The crime of rape is always a felony offense in California. Minimum penalties, for crimes without aggravating factors, can include three, six, or eight years in a California state prison. There are very limited situations in which the penalty for rape can be reduced to one year of felony probation. However, these situations do not involve young victims who cannot consent to the act.

The penalties for the crime of rape are enhanced when the victim is a minor.

Under the Age of 18: Penalties enhanced to seven, nine, or eleven years in a Calfornia state prison.

Under the Age of 14: Penalties enhanced to nine, eleven, or thirteen years in prison.

Anyone convicted of the crime of rape will also be required to register with the state as a tier-three sex offender. Tier-three offenders must maintain their status on the sex offender registry for life.

Could the Detective Face Other Criminal Charges?

Yes. In addition to those for rape, the detective could also face charges for lewd or lascivious acts with a child. He’s more likely to face these additional charges because his alleged victim was only 14 at the time of the sexual assault.

Lewd acts with a minor child, as defined in Penal Code 288 PC, is the crime of touching the body of a child for sexual gratification. The penalties for this crime depend on the age of the child and/or the age difference between the child and the perpetrator. This would be a lesser-included offense of the felony rape charge. If the crime involved a 14-year-old victim, the penalty could include either (a) one, two, or three years in a California state prison or (b) up to one year in county jail. Lewd acts that inflict bodily harm are punishable by life in prison.

What is Witness Tampering?

In addition to rape, the detective is accused of witness tampering. Witness tampering, as defined in Penal Code 136.1 PC, is the crime of knowingly and maliciously attempting to dissuade a victim or witness from either:

  • Reporting a crime
  • Aiding an arrest
  • Aiding in the prosecution of a crime, or
  • Testifying in a criminal proceeding.

Simply put, witness tampering involves any behavior that’s intended to dissuade or prevent someone from aiding in a criminal case.

Witness tampering can be a misdemeanor or a felony. The detective likely used his status as a peace officer to intimidate his victim or a witness. This could be considered the use of force or fear. When the crime is committed using force or fear, it will be charged as a felony. Penalties for felony witness tampering can include up to four years in a California state prison and $25,000 in fines.

The detective is convicted for both rape and witness tampering, the penalties for the crimes could be imposed concurrently (at the same time) or consecutively (one after another).

 

Have you been arrested in Los Angeles? You have the right to defend yourself. Hiring an attorney will help to ensure that your rights are protected. Contact the experienced criminal defense team at the Los Angeles Criminal Law Center. We’ll review your case and help you fight to protect your future.